AP Computer Science

Twenty-five percent of the AP Computer Science Principles exam focuses on the Big Idea of the Impact of Computing. Students are expected to understand the effects of computing on societies, economies, and cultures, as well as the legal and ethical responsibilities of programmers. Expand on this topic through the resources given below.

The College Board encourages AP Biology students to use the course to find a path to 48 majors and 130 careers. Find out how your students may someday impact society.

AP Computer Science Resource Library

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The Changing Facial Recognition Landscape

This extended show discusses the potential of bias in datasets, as well as the dangers of facial recognition.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

Race

Facial Recognition Is Accurate, if You're a White Guy

The article describes Joy Buolamwini's research into how facial recognition software works much better for white men than women and people of color, why this happens, and the implications of this bias.

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

Gender

Dealing With Bias in Artificial Intelligence

This article includes insight from three women in AI into the root causes of bias in AI and advice to reduce it.

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

Race

Millions of black people affected by racial bias in health-care algorithms

In this article, Heidi Ledford explains how algorithms that allocate healthcare to patients have a racial bias. The article explains that because of systemic racism in healthcare, black patients were typically assigned lower risk scores -- making them less likely to receive personalized care.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Race

'Nerd', 'Nonsmoker', 'Wrongdoer': How Might A.I. Label You?

This article describes how ImageNet Roulette, an app that labels faces based on Artificial Intelligence, shows biases in facial recognition software and how they can be based in the biases of the engineers themselves.

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

Race

Twitter is dropping coding terms like 'master' and 'slave'

Canales reports on an internal change in the language used by Twitter in code and related topics. The article includes a list of the words and phrases that were changed, and their new alternatives.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Race

With AI and Criminal Justice, the Devil is in the Data

This article, from the ACLU, provides insight into the impact of AI on racism in the criminal justice system, from tools used in law enforcement to those used to suggest bail amounts or whether someone should get parole, ending with a description of software to increase accountability..

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

Race

Interactive Race Tracker

Using the COVID-19 race tracker and introductory CS concepts, this project allows students to learn about the disproportionate effect of COVID-19 on Black Americans while practicing computer science concepts. The above link will take you to the main page for this project, which includes guiding questions, the original data, and an example solution. Teachers may give students some of the example solution to tailor the project, depending on the skills they wish to highlight. The assignment can be either take home or in class, but discussion is encouraged either during the project or after finishing it.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

Race+Gender

Wow, Apple's Suggested Emoji for CEO is a White Male

Apple uses machine learning for their autocorrect/suggestions, and their machine learning decided that a white male was the definition of a ceo, cfo, doctor, and other top positions. Their second option was a white female.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Learn More

Race

How A Subtle UX Tweak Reduced Racial Profiling On A Site Notorious For It

Wilson reports on a change that Nextdoor implemented in their user interface, to reduce racial profiling. Wilson further explains where the rationale for this decision came from, and the impact that it has had.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Gender

How did tech become so male-dominated?

Learn about the history of computer science and how the field has become so unwelcoming to women.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Gender

Amazon scraps secret AI recruiting tool that showed bias against women

This article, from Reuters, gives the example of bias in AI that Amazon uses for recruiting and how it specifically affects female candidates. The article explains multiple ways that this software has been shown to be biased and enumerates other companies that seem to be using similar algorithms.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

All

How to Design for Every Gender

In this piece, Querini decribes "Inclusive Design," or how to design with different people in mind. The author further describes how one can design for gender and what considerations to take into account when designing a system or user interface.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

Gender

Apple Card algorithm sparks gender bias allegations against Goldman Sachs

This article reports on an incident where a husband and wife were provided with vastly different credit lines from the Apple Card algorithm, despite sharing many of the same assets and filing taxes jointly. The article also explains the response from Apple, Goldman Sachs, and other involved actors.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Sexual Orientation

LGBT groups denounce 'dangerous' AI that uses your face to guess sexuality

This article describes criticisms of a recent Stanford study that attempted to guess whether individuals were gay or straight based on their faces, using AI. The article further explains the response of a co-author of the study and his motivations for publishing the study.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes

Sexual Orientation

Queer in HCI: Supporting LGBTQIA+ Researchers and Research Across Domains

This report describes the importance of having queer researchers in the HCI (or Human-Computer Interaction) field. 

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

Gender

Sex and gender differences and biases

Cirillo et al. explain how current biomedical technologies that use AI models to tailor treatments can be biased based on gender. The paper outlines how current algorithms do not consider how gender plays into death and disease and in doing so, produces sub-optimal results. The paper outlines in depth current technologies and their effect on women, both positive and negative.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

All

The CS-Ed Podcast: Systemic Change

Listen to understand how systems can be changed for sustainable equity, as well as to learn about the organization CSforAll.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

All

The complex UX design behind gender selection forms

Krzyminski delves into the question of how to construct gender selection forms so that they are both inclusive and useful for the people collecting the data. The author provides four examples of gender selection forms and how they perform within each of these criteria.

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

Sexual Orientation

Is Artificial Intelligence Queerphobic?

This article explains how Artificial Intelligence algorithms can be biased against the LGBTQ+ community. The article touches on censorship of language used by this community, how AI can learn offensive languages and biases that it can then replicate, and many other issues.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

Race

The push to redefine "good design" amid the Black Lives Matter movement

This article describes how Nextdoor reduces racial profiling through a change in their UX and how the same principle can be applied throughout UX design. The article further explains similar UX decisions, spearheaded by social psychologist Jennifer Eberhardt.

Duration:

25-40 Minutes

All

Equity & Creativity in Computer Science

Jean Ryoo, a researcher at the UCLA Computer Science Equity Project, speaks about equitable access to Computer Science Education.

Duration:

45-60+ Minutes

All

Don't Just Learn To Code, Learn To Create

Get inspired to create and have an impact on the world during our digital revolution.

Duration:

5-20 Minutes